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    英語圖表作文攻略

    英語圖表作文攻略  
    2005/06/18 14:13  點點英語  
     

      圖表作文是同學們尤其是考六級的同學最后沖刺的時候必須重點備考的作文類型。既然是圖表作文,那么第一段的對圖表的描述就對作文的得分有最大的影響??忌鷳撛诘谝欢蚊枋鰣D表的過程中,盡量在詞匯和句型的運用上使自己的作文卓爾不群。

      同學們可以先參考點點英語斑竹菠蘿喳喳貼出的圖表作文寫作攻略一帖子

      對于線性圖表的描述

      上升

      1. 對于上升趨勢的描述:

      a. 可以使用的動詞或動詞詞組:

      to increase

      to go up

      to rise

      to grow

      to jump

      to leap

      to soar

      to shoot

      to pick up

      b. 可以使用的名詞:

      an increase

      a growth

      a jump

      a soar

      an upward trend

      2. 對于上升到某個位置的描述:

      a. 1. a. 中的動詞+to+具體數據。

      b. 1. a. 中的動詞+to+the peak of+具體數據。

      c. 1. a. 中的動詞+reaching the peak of +具體數據。

      d. 1. a. 中的動詞+reaching + 具體數據。

      e. to peak at + 具體數據

      f. to climb to + 具體數據

      3. 對于上升的程度的描述:

      a. 1. a. 中的動詞+by + 具體數據。

      b. 1. a. 中的動詞+副詞。(見

      下降

      1. 對于下降趨勢的描述:

      a. 可以使用的動詞或動詞詞組:

      to fall

      to decrease

      to go down

      to slide

      to collapse

      to decline

      to drop

      b. 可以使用的名詞:

      a collapse

      a decrease

      a fall

      a decline

      a drop

      2. 對于下降到某個位置的描述:

      a. 1. a. 中的動詞+to+具體數據。

      b. 1. a. 中的動詞+to+the bottom of+具體數據。

      c. 1. a. 中的動詞+reaching the bottom of +具體數據。

      d. 1. a. 中的動詞+reaching + 具體數據。

      3. 對于下降程度的描述:

      a. 1. a. 中的動詞+by + 具體數據。

      b. 1. a. 中的動詞+副詞。(見

      對于平穩的趨勢的描述:

      可以使用的動詞或動詞詞組:

      to hardly change

      to have little change

      to keep steady

      to level off

      to remain constant

      to stay the same

      表示程度的副詞:

      1. 程度較大:

      considerably

      dramatically

      greatly

      markedly

      obviously

      quickly

      rapidly

      sharply

      significantly

      suddenly

      2. 程度較?。?/p>

      slightly

      gradually

      slowly

      steadily

      時間的嵌入

      嵌入時間時所使用的介詞和介詞詞組:

      in

      from……to……

      between…….and……

      during……and……

      at the start of ……

      by the end of ……

      over ……

      at the end of ……

      throughout ……

      時間’s + 具體數據

      上升和下降趨勢的組合描述(嵌入了時間和程度之后):

      1. 先上升后下降的句型:...... increased slowly during…… and …… but fell sharply in …….

      A steady fall in …… during …… and …… followed the sharp increase in …….

      2. 先下降后上升的句型:

      …… fell before …… began to make a recovery ……

      …… continue the recovery, climbing to ……

      …… dropped during …… but increased again in ……

      …… fell and then pick up during ……

      …… collapsed before rising to ……at the end of ……

      3. 起伏波動的句型:

      …… fluctuated sharply all through ……

      4. 波動不大的句型:

      …… hardly changed through the period between ……and ……

      柱狀圖形的描述

      轉換為線形圖形的描述

      餅狀圖形的描述

      對于百分比進行描述所使用的句型:

      …… % the …… is/has/have/are ……

      …… accounts for ……% of the total

      …… takes up ……% in the whole chart

      趨勢的比較

      1. 表示相似的句型 (實例) :

      Both share prices rose sharply in January.

      Neither company has made a profit yet.

      Like X, Y fell in June.

      X rose just as sharply as Y.

      2. 表示差異的句型(實例):

      X fell sharply whereas/while Y remained steady.

      X fell quickly compared to Y.

      Unlike Y, X rose by 10%.

      X rose far more dramatically than Y.

      3. 表示倍數的句型:

      the …… doubled/tripled in …… compared with those in ……

      4. 客觀比較的句型:

      …… is …… in contrast to ……

      數據的修飾

      1. 表示不足的詞或詞組:

      up to

      below

      under

      almost

      nearly

      2. 表示超過的詞或詞組:

      over

      more than

      just over

      3. 表示大約的詞:

      about

      補充一點點:一. 主章開頭

      圖表類型:table; chart; diagram; graph; column chart; pie graph

      描述:show; describe; illustrate; can be seen from; clear; apparent; reveal; represent

      內容:figure; statistic; number; percentage; proportion

      二. 表示數據

      一般:have 10%; at 10%;over 10%

      最高(低)點:peaked; reached a peak/high(point)

      bottomed out; reached the bottom

      變化:recover 略有回升; increase; jump; rise/rose; climb

      decrease; fall/fell; drop; decline; reduce

      fluctuate 浮動,搖擺不定

      remained steady/stable; stay the same; little/hardly any /no change

      變化程度:sudden/suddenly 突然的,意外的

      rapid/rapidly 迅速的,飛快的,險峻的

      dramatic/dramatically 戲劇性的,生動的

      significant/significantly 有意義的,重大的,重要的

      sharp/sharply 銳利的,明顯的,急劇的

      steep/steeply 急劇升降的

      steady/steadily 穩固的,堅定不移的

      gradual/gradually 漸進的,逐漸的

      slow/slowly 緩慢的,不活躍的

      slight/slightly輕微的、略微地

      stable/stably 穩定的

      表示范圍:from…to… between…and… for …to …多長時間直到

      表示程度:almost adv. 幾乎,差不多

      nearly adv. 幾乎,密切地

      approximately adv. 近似的,大約

      about adv. 附近, 大約,轉向,左右,周圍

      just over 剛超過

      over adv. 結束,越過,從頭到尾

      exactly adv. 正確地,嚴密地

      precisely adv. 正好 精確地;清晰地

      比例:20 per cent 20%

      one in three 1/3

      one out of every four 1/4

      三。常用詞

      significant changes 圖中一些較大變化

      noticeable trend 明顯趨勢

      during the same period 在同一時期

      grow/grew 增長

      distribute 分布,區別

      unequally 不相等地

      pronounced 明顯的

      average 平均

      no doubt 無疑地

      corresponding adj. 相應的,通訊的

      represent vt. 闡述,表現

      overall 總體上講

      except 除外

      in the case of adv. 在…的情況下

      in contrast 相反,大不相同

      in conclusion adv. 最后,總之

      in comparison 相比之下

      inversely adv. 相反地,倒轉地

      in general 通常,大體上,一般而言

      rang from

      excessive adj. 過多的,過分的,額外

      lower v.降低,跌落

      elapse vi.(時間)過去,消逝

      category n.種類

      government policy 政府政策

      market forces 市場規率

      measure n. 尺寸,方法,措施 v.估量,調節

      forecast n. 先見,預見 v. 預測

      1.有用的詞

      上升:increase rise ascend core surge go up climb mount level up

      下降: decrease fall drop descend decline reduce lessen level down

      平穩:stable steady remain/maintain/keep/be the same as/similar to

      波動:fluctuate fluctuation rise and falls up and down

      占:occupy take up account for gain

      而:while however whereas on the other hand actually/in fact

      相比:by contract on the contrary likewise compared with

      最高點:the highest the top the summit the peak the most

      最低點:bottom less least rock bottom

      平均:mean average

      趨勢:tendancy trend inclination

      預見:prediction

      達到頂峰: mount to

      在***中占***:***gain the percentage of

      有一個穩定的過程:a stable period can be seen

      原則:A.不可能寫的很好,關鍵是要很穩地寫清楚。

      B.概括一些內在關聯性或原因推測作為總結

      以下是引用zxc0470在2004-6-3 23:05:00的發言:

      1. As is shown by the graph/in the table。。(概述圖表)

      正如曲線所示,最近54年來該國人口飛速增長。

      As is shown by the graph,there has been a rapid increase in the population of the country in the past five years.

      2. It can be seen from the table that … (得出結論)

      shown graph

      concluded figures

      estimated statistics

      A. 從表中所給的統計數字可以看出,從1985年到1990年中國的人均收入迅速提高。

      From the statistics given in the table it can be seen that the average personal income of the Chinese people increased (grew 、rose) rapidly from 1985 to 1990.

      B. 從曲線圖可以得出結論,最近5年來中國人口的出生率已經大大下降。

      It can be concluded from the graph that there has been a great decline in birth rates in China in the past five years.

      3. … amount to … (數量總計)

      add up to

      come to

      sum up to

      全部費用合計200美元。

      All the expenses (costs) amount to (= add up to) $ 200.

      4. … increase from … to … (數量增減)

      decrease

      rise

      fall

      drop

      A. 這個工廠生產的彩電已由1986年的5000臺增加到1990年的21000臺。

      The number of colour TV sets produced by the factory increased (rose , grew , climbed) from 5000 in 1986 to 21000 in 1990.

      B.參加者的人數增加到30萬。

      The number of paticipants grew up to 300000 persons = increased , reaching 300000 persons).

      C. 這個學校的教職工人數已減少到700人。

      The number of teaching staff members in this school has decreased to 700 persons.

      5.(be)three times as + 形容詞 + as 總產量 total output 鋼的年產量 the annual output of

      上升17% rise by 17per cent steel

      日產量 the daily output 導致產量下降 result in a

      diminished output

      現在我們地區的糧食產量相當于1970年的3倍。

      The grain production (= output)in our area now is three times as great as that of 1970.

      6.Compared with … , …

      與去年相比,今年13項主要產品的產量都有大幅度增長。The factory has an output of 9 million cigarettes daily.

      Compared with that of last year,the output of 13 main products (= items) this year has increased to a great extent.

      7.There is (was) a rapid rise in … be on the rise

      has been sharp increase on the increase

      sudden decrease on the decline

      steady decline

      gradual fall

      slow drop

      slight

      最近幾年來這個地區的棉花產量有了迅速增長。

      The cotton output in this area has increased rapidly in the past few years.

      ——“結尾”段落中常用的句型:

      1. In my opinion, … 2. Personally, I … 3. In short (= In brief), …

      4. In conclusion, … 5.As far as I’m concerned, … 6. To conclude , it seems clear that …

      至于說到我,我贊成前一種觀點。所以,我的結論是,只要我們堅持正確的東西,改正錯誤的東西,我們就一定能成功。

      As far as I’m concerned ,I’m in favour of the former view.Therefore,my conclusion is that we are certain to succeed as long as we stick to what is right and correct what is wrong.

      ================================================

      我再補充幾點:

      同學們在選用描述圖表變化的動詞、名詞,介詞詞組,形容詞和程度副詞方面要注意是否準確到位和形象。

      以下一些詞匯大家重點揣摩:

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